Public Health Wales Research Highlights Report 2016/17

Public Health Wales is involved in a wide variety of national and international research. Research is an essential part of what we do as an organisation, enabling us to understand the most effective approaches to improving the health and well-being of those living in Wales and beyond.

Authors: Alisha Davies, Mark Bellis

Sources of resilience and their moderating relationships with harms from adverse childhood experiences: Report 1: Mental Illness

The Welsh Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) and Resilience Survey was undertaken to examine individual and community factors that may offer protection from the harmful impacts of ACEs on health, well-being and prosperity across the life course.

Authors: Karen Hughes, Kat Ford+ 3 more
, Alisha Davies, Lucia Homolova, Mark Bellis

Sustainable development in Wales and other regions in Europe – achieving health and equity for present and future generations

The United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (2015), complemented by the WHO European policy framework and strategy for the 21st century, Health 2020, represents a milestone for human and planetary development. This publication proposes ways of maximizing opportunities to implement these agendas at the national and regional levels across the WHO European Region.

Authors: Cathy Weatherup, Sumina Azam+ 1 more
, Mariana Dyakova

A Framework for Managing the Night Time Economy in Wales

The night time economy in Wales concerns the economic activity occurring between the hours of 6pm to 6am. This encompasses a range of activities from restaurants and establishments serving food, the on and off trade sale of alcohol, music venues and clubs with dancing and entertainment, cinemas and other leisure activities.

Authors: Kathryn Ashton, Janine Roderick+ 2 more
, Lee Parry-Williams, Liz Green

Developing a framework for managing the night-time economy in Wales: a Health Impact Assessment approach

This case study outlines the approach of a prospective Health Impact Assessment (HIA) to re-develop an existing reactive framework for managing the night-time economy in Wales. Inclusion of a range of stakeholders in the process enabled the reformulation of realistic proactive objectives which account for both health and well-being. This article highlights the benefits of HIA and can be used to inform future policy developments.

Authors: Kathryn Ashton, Janine Roderick+ 2 more
, Lee Parry-Williams, Liz Green

An evaluation of the Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) Informed Approach to Policing Vulnerability Training (AIAPVT) pilot

In recent years demand for policing in the UK has increased for occurrences relating to complex welfare, public safety and vulnerability. Research on the response to vulnerability by South Wales Police (SWP) identified a need for staff to be trained to understand the impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and trauma to ensure that they have the right skills to assist vulnerable individuals in times of crisis and need. In response to these findings, the ACE-Informed Approach to Policing Vulnerability Training (AIAPVT) was developed. This report captures the independent evaluation of the training.

Authors: Kat Ford, Annemarie Newbury+ 3 more
, Zoe Meredith, Jessica Evans, Janine Roderick

A shared data approach more accurately represents the rates and patterns of violence with injury assaults.

To investigate whether sharing and linking routinely collected violence data across health and criminal justice systems can provide a more comprehensive understanding of violence, establish patterns of under-reporting and better inform the development, implementation and evaluation of violence prevention initiatives.

Authors: Benjamin J. Gray, Emma Barton+ 4 more
, Alisha Davies, Sara Long, Janine Roderick, Mark Bellis

Progressing the Sustainable Development Goals through Health in All Policies: Case studies from around the world

This Case Study Book, Progressing the Sustainable Development Goals through Health in All Policies: Case studies from around the world was developed as an outcome of the Adelaide 2017 Health in All Policies International Conference co-sponsored by the Government of South Australia and the World Health Organization.

Authors: Cathy Weatherup, Sumina Azam+ 5 more
, Michael Palmer, Cathy Madge, Richard Lewis, Mark Bellis, Andrew Charles

Investment for health and well-being: A review of the social return on investment from public health policies to support implementing the Sustainable Development Goals by building on Health 2020

There are growing public health, inequality, economic and environmental challenges across the WHO European Region that require urgent and priority-focused investment if sustainable development (meeting current needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs) is to be achieved and health and well-being ensured for present and future generations.

Authors: Mariana Dyakova, Christoph Hamelmann+ 6 more
, Mark Bellis, Elodie Besnier, Charlotte Grey, Kathryn Ashton, Anna Schwappach, Christine Charles

Quality Assurance Review Framework for Health Impact Assessment (HIA)

This Quality Assurance Review Framework is a critical appraisal tool for HIA. It sets out to ensure that HIA practice in Wales continues to reflect the important values, standards and approaches that have underpinned the development of HIA practice in the country to date.

Authors: Liz Green, Lee Parry-Williams+ 1 more
, Nerys Edmonds

Adverse Childhood Experiences: Breaking the Generational Cycle of Crime Turning Understanding into Action: Summary report

This summary report presents the key findings from extensive research undertaken with South Wales Police to understand vulnerability demand. This report strengthens the case for how policing can be more effective in preventing problems before they escalate through a sustainable and long term approach.

Authors: Kat Ford, Shaun Kelly+ 4 more
, Jessica Evans, Annemarie Newbury, Zoe Meredith, Janine Roderick

Public Health Wales: Our International Health Strategy 2017-2027

Public Health Wales’ International Health Strategy supports the successful delivery of our national role, strategic priorities and well-being objectives. A wide consultation process, supported by a literature review and mapping of international work and collaborations across the organisation has enabled us to identify three strategic priorities and six strategic objectives for the next ten years.

Authors: Mariana Dyakova, Lauren Couzens (née Ellis)+ 1 more
, Mark Bellis

‘Preparing for PrEP?’A Review of the Current Evidence for Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent HIV infection in Wales

This document provides an overview of the current [March 2017] evidence related to the provision of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention, featuring an extensive review of the available evidence for specific aspects of the subject, analysis of clinical trials, the policy, regulatory and legislative context, and global perspectives. This document was instrumental in the decision to provide PrEP in Wales

Authors: Adam Jones, Zoë Couzens

Global Citizenship for Welsh Health Professionals

This evaluation report outlines results from pilot courses for Global Citizenship Training for NHS Wales health professionals. The pilots build on a scoping questionnaire from 2015 which identified a clear interest in such training. The IHCC worked in collaboration with the WCIA to develop and pilot Global Citizenship training courses in partnership with Cwm Taf University Health Board as part of their international engagement under the Charter for International Health Partnerships (in English only).

Authors: Martin Pollard, Elodie Besnier+ 3 more
, Lauren Couzens (née Ellis), Anna Stielke, Malcolm Ward

Alcohol’s Harms to Others: The Harms from Other People’s Alcohol Consumption in Wales

Internationally, there is growing recognition of the harms that an individual’s alcohol consumption can cause to those around them (referred to as alcohol’s harms to others). Consequently, research into this issue has started to emerge highlighting the nature, extent and costs of alcohol’s harms to others across various populations.

Authors: Zara Quigg, Mark Bellis+ 3 more
, Hannah grey, Jane Webster, Karen Hughes

Making a Difference: Investing in Sustainable Health and Well-being for the People of Wales

This report offers research evidence and expert opinion in support of preventing ill health and reducing inequalities to achieve a sustainable economy, thriving society and optimum health and well-being for the present and future generations in Wales.

Authors: Mariana Dyakova, Teri Knight+ 1 more
, Sian Price

EuroHealthNet Wales Study Visit

The purpose of this Study Visit was to provide an opportunity for sharing ideas and practical approaches for linking the sustainable development agenda and population health and wellbeing across strategic and operational contexts.

Authors: Malcolm Ward, Mariana Dyakova

NHS Wales Staff Perception of Global Citizenship

The IHCC was born from the Welsh Government document ‘Health within and beyond Welsh Borders: An enabling framework for international health engagement’, published in June 2012

Authors: Lauren Couzens (née Ellis)

The Case for Investing in Prevention: Housing

This is one in a series of short reports examining the case for investment in prevention activities. Each report includes a review of the literature which, while not exhaustive, aims to provide an overview for the reader and sign-post to further information for those requiring greater detail.

Authors: Sara Long, Liz Green+ 3 more
, Joanna Charles, Mark Bellis, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards

Charter for International Health Partnerships in Wales

The Charter for International Health Partnerships in Wales, developed by the International Health Coordination Centre (IHCC), Public Health Wales, is based on Wales’ history of accomplishment and learning in this area and outlines the four foundations of successful international health partnerships. The signatories are Welsh health organisations committed to these foundations, which value and recognise the benefits to our overseas partners as well as the benefits to the NHS and patients in Wales.

Authors: Lauren Couzens (née Ellis), Mark Bellis+ 7 more
, Susan Mably, Malcolm Ward, Chris Riley, Gill Richardson, Beth Haughton, Tony Jewell, Hannah Sheppard

Housing and Health Evidence Review for Health Impact Assessment (HIA)

This guidance document was produced by the Wales Health Impact Assessment Support Unit (WHIASU) for Public Health Wales to ensure that decisions relating to housing and HIA are made from an evidence-informed standpoint. It is designed to be read in conjunction with Health Impact Assessment: A Practical Guide (Chadderton et al., 2012) which provides detailed guidelines and proformas for carrying out an HIA.

Authors: Ellie Byrne, Eva Elliott+ 2 more
, Liz Green, Julia Lester