No place like home? Exploring the health and well-being impact of COVID-19 on housing and housing insecurity

This comprehensive and participatory Health Impact Assessment (HIA) explores the health and well-being impact of COVID-19 on housing and housing insecurity, and looks at the importance of having a consistent home that is of good quality, affordable, and feels safe. It also considers security of tenure in relation to stability, and being able to maintain a roof over one’s head and ultimately prevent homelessness. It is the third in a series, which focus on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the population of Wales including the ‘Staying at Home and Social Distancing Policy’ and the impact of home and agile working. This report can be read in conjunction with these and the sections on housing and home working within them.

Authors: Louise Woodfine, Liz Green+ 9 more
, Laura Evans, Lee Parry-Williams, Christian Heathcote-Elliott, Charlotte Grey, Yoric Irving-Clarke, Matthew Kennedy, Catherine May, Sumina Azam, Mark Bellis

Rising to the Triple Challenge of Brexit, COVID-19 and Climate Change for health, well-being and equity in Wales Spotlight on: Food Security

This paper highlights how the combined influences of Brexit, Coronavirus and climate change will potentially impact everyone through the food that is produced, accessed, available and consumed.

Authors: Liz Green, Kathryn Ashton+ 7 more
, Adam Jones, Michael Fletcher, Laura Morgan, Tom Johnson, Tracy Evans, Sumina Azam, Mark Bellis

Rising to the Triple Challenge of Brexit, COVID-19 and Climate Change for health, well-being and equity in Wales

This report provides a strategic overview of the impact, and interconnectedness, of the enormous events of Brexit, COVID-19
pandemic and climate change. It identifies the key determinants and population groups affected by the Triple Challenge and provides a key example against a determinant.

Authors: Liz Green, Kathryn Ashton+ 7 more
, Michael Fletcher, Adam Jones, Laura Evans, Tracy Evans, Lee Parry-Williams, Sumina Azam, Mark Bellis

Brexit and Poverty in Wales: A Public Health Lens

The aim of this report is to strengthen knowledge and understanding of the implications of the United Kingdom’s (UK) exit from the European Union (EU) – ‘Brexit’ – on poverty, and health and well-being in Wales.

Authors: Sumina Azam, Katie Hardcastle+ 6 more
, Laura Morgan, Rebecca Hill, Michael Fletcher, Tom Johnson, Liz Green, Mark Bellis

Using health impact assessment (HIA) to understand the wider health and wellbeing implications of policy decisions: the COVID-19 ‘staying at home and social distancing policy’ in Wales

This paper focusses on a HIA of the ‘Staying at Home and Social Distancing Policy’ or ‘lockdown’ in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in Wales conducted by the Welsh national public health institute. It describes the process and findings, captures the learning and discusses how the process has been used to better understand the wider health and well-being impacts of policy decisions beyond direct health harm. It also examines the role of public health institutes in promoting and using HIA.

Authors: Liz Green, Kathryn Ashton+ 4 more
, Sumina Azam, Mariana Dyakova, Timo Clemens, Mark Bellis

A COVID-19 pandemic world and beyond: The public health impact of Home and Agile Working in Wales

Due to the pandemic and policies such as the ‘Staying at Home and Social Distancing policy’, home and agile working has become necessary for many organisations and employees. This HIA aims to identify the impact of this shift in working practice and to articulate the differential impacts of such a change for organisations, the working population of Wales, their families and local communities.

Authors: Liz Green, Richard Lewis+ 5 more
, Laura Evans, Laura Morgan, Lee Parry-Williams, Sumina Azam, Mark Bellis

Process, Practice and Progress: A Case Study of the Health Impact Assessment (HIA) of Brexit in Wales

In 2018, the Health impact assessment (HIA) support unit in Wales carried out a comprehensive and unique HIA on the impact of Brexit in Wales. The aims were to understand the differential impacts that Brexit would have on the health and well-being of the population and to provide evidence to inform decision makers across a range of public bodies. This paper reflects on the process of carrying out the HIA and the methods used. It discusses the stages of the HIA, and shares the findings and reflections of implementation which will be beneficial to other HIA practitioners and policy makers.

Authors: Liz Green, Kathryn Ashton+ 2 more
, Nerys Edmunds, Sumina Azam

A Health Impact Assessment of the ‘Staying at Home and Social Distancing Policy’ in Wales in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The HIA outlines the potential health and wellbeing impacts of the Staying at Home and Social Distancing Policy (commonly referred to as ‘Lockdown’) on the population of Wales in the short, medium and long term. It draws upon learning from international evidence, latest data and intelligence and the views of expert stakeholders.

Authors: Liz Green, Laura Morgan+ 5 more
, Sumina Azam, Laura Evans, Lee Parry-Williams, Louisa Petchey, Mark Bellis

Young People and Brexit

In the years that have followed the European Union (EU) referendum in 2016, Brexit has seldom been out of the news. Despite considerable activity, there was still uncertainty around Brexit at the time of this research; not just around the logistics of if, when and how the UK might leave the EU but also what the implications of Brexit might be for the UK and for Wales – or even what effect the last few years might already have had.

Authors: Louisa Petchey, Angharad Davies+ 3 more
, Samuel Urbano, Sumina Azam, Alisha Davies

Improving winter health and well-being and reducing winter pressures in Wales – Technical Report

This technical report acknowledges the effects of traditional seasonal factors that cause poor health such as influenza and injuries due to falls, as well as finding wider issues such as poverty, poor housing and unhealthy behaviours having a significant impact on winter health and well-being.

Authors: Sumina Azam, Thomas Jones+ 4 more
, Sara Wood, Emily Bebbington, Louise Woodfine, Mark Bellis

The Public Health Implications of Brexit in Wales: A Health Impact Assessment approach – A Rapid Review and Update

This is a short supplementary follow up report and builds on a detailed analysis of The Public Health Implications of Brexit in Wales: A Health Impact Assessment Approach, originally published in January 2019, which examines the potential effects of Brexit on the short, medium and long-term health and well-being of people living in Wales.

Authors: Louisa Petchey, Liz Green+ 5 more
, Nerys Edmunds, Mischa Van Eimeren, Laura Morgan, Sumina Azam, Mark Bellis

Implementing the Sustainable Development Principle: Lessons from a Literature Review on Implementing the Five Ways of Working

This resource provides key learning and actions that public bodies, policy makers and practitioners can take to implement the sustainable development principle, as set out in the Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act 2015.

Authors: Victoria Hands, Radu Cinpoes+ 8 more
, Fatima Annan-Diab, Annette Boaz, Carol Hayden, Richard Anderson, Alisha Davies, Sumina Azam, Cathy Weatherup, William King

A Taxing Issue

The report focuses on contemporary population health concerns related to diets where taxation has been considered or implemented elsewhere, and/or is a viable innovation within the Welsh context. Excluded from the scope of this report are topic areas where taxation and other fiscal policy approaches are already in place by UK Government (for example, on alcohol and tobacco) and environmental-related taxation.

Authors: Adam Jones, Sumina Azam+ 1 more
, Mark Bellis

Making A Difference Housing and Health: A Case for Investment Main Report

This report is an extension of Public Health Wales’ Making a Difference publications and aims to inform, support and advocate for wider health policy and cross-sector approaches and interventions offering benefits to the public, health system, society and the economy. The report summarises the impact housing (across tenure) has on health and well-being across the life course; sets out the case for investing in housing as a determinant of health by identifying which interventions work and offer value for money; and identifies priority areas for preventative action within Wales.

Authors: Ian Watson, Fiona MacKenzie+ 2 more
, Louise Woodfine, Sumina Azam

Driving Prosperity for All through Investing for Health and Well-being – An Evidence Informed Guide for Cross-sector Investment

This guide identifies ten key evidence-informed policy opportunities for investment in Wales. Opportunities identified in the report address areas of high burden and cost in Wales, delivering economic as well as social and environmental returns, and supporting sustainable inclusive economic growth. The guide will help decision-makers to implement the Welsh Government’s Prosperity for All national strategy.

Authors: Mariana Dyakova, Mark Bellis+ 4 more
, Sumina Azam, Kathryn Ashton, Anna Stielke, Elodie Besnier

The Public Health Implications of Brexit in Wales: A Health Impact Assessment Approach

The United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union (EU) (informally referred to as “Brexit”) is an unprecedented event in UK history, and evidence of the impact of Brexit on a wide range of policy areas is either unknown or highly contested. The Wales Health Impact Assessment Support Unit, Public Health Wales, has carried out a Health Impact Assessment (HIA) to better understand the potential implications of Brexit for future health and well-being in Wales.

Authors: Liz Green, Nerys Edmunds+ 5 more
, Laura Morgan, Rachel Andrew, Malcolm Ward, Sumina Azam, Mark Bellis

Making a Difference: Reducing health risks associated with road traffic pollution in Wales

This work is an extension of Public Health Wales’ Making a Difference report and draws on research evidence and expert opinion to identify action to reduce road traffic-related air pollution, risks and inequalities.

Authors: Charlotte Grey, Huw Brunt+ 7 more
, Sarah Jones, Sumina Azam, Joanna Charles, Tom Porter, Angela Jones, Teri Knight, Sian Price

Sustainable development in Wales and other regions in Europe – achieving health and equity for present and future generations

The United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (2015), complemented by the WHO European policy framework and strategy for the 21st century, Health 2020, represents a milestone for human and planetary development. This publication proposes ways of maximizing opportunities to implement these agendas at the national and regional levels across the WHO European Region.

Authors: Cathy Weatherup, Sumina Azam+ 1 more
, Mariana Dyakova

Progressing the Sustainable Development Goals through Health in All Policies: Case studies from around the world

This Case Study Book, Progressing the Sustainable Development Goals through Health in All Policies: Case studies from around the world was developed as an outcome of the Adelaide 2017 Health in All Policies International Conference co-sponsored by the Government of South Australia and the World Health Organization.

Authors: Cathy Weatherup, Sumina Azam+ 5 more
, Michael Palmer, Cathy Madge, Richard Lewis, Mark Bellis, Andrew Charles